Modern cardiology records grand success in the diagnosis and treatment of myocardial infarction. In many cases the mortality rate has decreased. In many cases, rapid and adequate response provides complete recovery of cardiac blood flow. However, the number of patients with early or late cardiac complications following myocardial infarction increases proportionally to the positive statistics . This is often due to the fact that, against the background of disturbed blood supply to a certain heart area, tissue damage occurs and in some cases complete loss of functioning myocardium.
According to the damage area, a variety of complications may follow. Nearly half of the patients develop varying degrees of heart failure. The destruction of muscle cells disturbs the pumping function of the heart. Its structures undergo remodeling, with atrophies occurring in some areas, while others are expanding. Symptoms are determined by whether left-handed, right-sided or total heart failure develops, etc.
Another common complication that arises after a myocardial infarction is rhythm and conduction disorders. Newborn extrasystems, rapid or slow heartbeat, a thigh or partial AV block, and many others may be quite early and the first signs of a heart attack in over 80% of the patients. Spontaneous cardiac arrest or critical arrhythmia may be the cause of a fatal outcome of the heart attack.
Although all patients with myocardial infarction survive on blood thinning treatment, repeated thrombotic events are not uncommon. And even more – in these patients the risk of ischemic heart disease and recurrent heart attack is increased. Frequently, so-called. arterial emboli, that is, formation of thrombi in the damaged heart area, which subsequently reach other organs and systems.
If the heart attack affects the heart valves, their function may be disturbed or completely lost. This is most often due to the inability to close the valves. They may even get to their tearing. The same applies to intercamera or intervertebral barriers. Breaking can occur even on any of the outer walls of the heart pouch, requiring cardio-surgical intervention at a very rapid rate.
What are the doctor’s recommendations for post-discharge from the hospital?
The first thing to do is start a healthier and more balanced lifestyle. Dangers such as alcohol and smoking should not be present in the patient’s daily life. Maintaining a healthy, low-fat diet and avoiding salty foods are a step toward maintaining better weight, blood sugar levels and clean blood vessels.